These drugs are called disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs), and they are an important part of an overall treatment plan. Disease-modifying drugs act on the immune system to slow the progression of rheumatoid arthritis. This is why they are called "disease-modifying." Many different drugs can be used as DMARDs in the treatment of RA, but some are used more often than others. Mint hydroxychloroquine Atp quantification assay chloroquine Mechanism of action of hydroxychloroquine as an antirheumatic drug. Fox RI1. Author information 1Department of Rheumatology, Scripps Clinic and Research Foundation, La Jolla, CA 92037. The antimalarial agents chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine have been used widely for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus. Plaquenil was actually first classified as an antimalarial drug, but it is also used to treat certain rheumatic and autoimmune conditions which are unrelated to malaria. Generally, Plaquenil is a treatment option as monotherapy used alone for mild rheumatoid arthritis or as combination therapy with other DMARDs for moderate to severe disease. DMARD Side Effects and Use. Hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil and sulfasalazine Azulfidine are used for mild rheumatoid arthritis. They are not as powerful as other DMARDs, but they usually cause fewer side effects. In rare cases, Plaquenil can adversely affect the eyes, and patients taking this medicine should be seen by an ophthalmologist at least once a year. They are not as powerful as other DMARDs, but they usually cause fewer side effects. Hydroxychloroquine (Plaquenil) and sulfasalazine (Azulfidine) are used for mild rheumatoid arthritis. Ra treatment plaquenil methotrexate Rheumatoid Arthritis Treatment Options Johns Hopkins., Taking Plaquenil for Rheumatoid Arthritis Hydroxychloroquine for sjogrensMechanism of action hydroxychloroquineHydroxychloroquine dyschromiaLes éffets secondaires de plaquenil au long coursDoes plaquenil cause leg pain RA Treatment What is the Safest Treatment for Rheumatoid Arthritis? Rheumatoid arthritis RA has no cure, but doctors recommend that patients adhere to suggested treatments early in diagnosis to decrease the severity of symptoms. There are a variety of treatment methods used to control symptoms and stop joint damage, including medications. RA Treatment What is the Safest Treatment for Rheumatoid Arthritis.. DMARDs for Treating Rheumatoid Arthritis. Long-Term Side Effects of Plaquenil for Rheumatoid Arthritis. User Reviews for Plaquenil to treat Rheumatoid Arthritis. The following information is NOT intended to endorse drugs or recommend therapy. While these reviews might be helpful, they are not a substitute for the expertise, skill, knowledge and judgement of healthcare practitioners in patient care. Rheumatoid arthritis is a common inflammatory disease that requires treatment with immunosuppressants to control symptoms and avoid joint destruction. Managing cancer in patients with concomitant rheumatoid arthritis poses special challenges that require close coordination of care between oncologists and rheumatologists. Hydroxychloroquine is in a class of medications that was first used to prevent and treat malaria. Today, it is used to treat rheumatoid arthritis, some symptoms of lupus, childhood arthritis or juvenile idiopathic arthritis and other autoimmune diseases. It is not clear why hydroxychloroquine is effective at treating autoimmune diseases.