It may have both an anti-spirochaete activity and an anti-inflammatory activity, similar to the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. And caution is required if patients have certain heart conditions, diabetes, psoriasis etc. Does plaquenil work on osteoarthritis Plaquenil sleepy Retinal pigment epithelial mottling of macula plaquenil Other risk factors for Hydroxychloroquine retinal toxicity include kidney or liver disease and obesity. Obesity is a risk factor because the drug does not penetrate fat tissue so there is more of the drug in your lean body mass including your retina and its supporting cells called the retinal pigment epithelium. Diagnosis Hydroxychloroquine-induced retinal toxicity Discussion. Chloroquine CQ and hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil HCQ have been used for many years, initially for the treatment of malaria but now more commonly for the treatment of inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and lupus 1. It is now considered for new disease. Feb 19, 2020 SIDE EFFECTS. The following adverse reactions have been identified during post-approval use of PLAQUENIL or other 4-aminoqunoline compounds. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure. For prolonged treatment of lupus or arthritis, adverse effects include the acute symptoms, plus altered eye pigmentation, acne, anaemia, bleaching of hair, blisters in mouth and eyes, blood disorders, convulsions, vision difficulties, diminished reflexes, emotional changes, excessive coloring of the skin, hearing loss, hives, itching, liver problems or liver failure, loss of hair, muscle paralysis, weakness or atrophy, nightmares, psoriasis, reading difficulties, tinnitus, skin inflammation and scaling, skin rash, vertigo, weight loss, and occasionally urinary incontinence. The most common adverse effects are a mild nausea and occasional stomach cramps with mild diarrhea. For short-term treatment of acute malaria, adverse effects can include abdominal cramps, diarrhea, heart problems, reduced appetite, headache, nausea and vomiting. Plaquenil pill image What is Plaquenil? - GoodRx, Hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil Toxicity and Recommendations for Screening Does plaquenil help with fatigue Hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil is a drug that is classified as an anti-malarial drug. Plaquenil is prescribed for the treatment or prevention of malaria. It is also prescribed for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, and the side effects of lupus such as hair loss, joint pain, and more. Hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil Side Effects & Dosage for Malaria. Side Effects of Plaquenil Hydroxychloroquine, Warnings, Uses. Hydroxychloroquine - Wikipedia. Medscape - Indication-specific dosing for Plaquenil hydroxychloroquine sulfate, frequency-based adverse effects, comprehensive interactions, contraindications, pregnancy & lactation schedules, and cost information. Consumer information about the medication HYDROXYCHLOROQUINE - ORAL Plaquenil, includes side effects, drug interactions, recommended dosages, and storage information. Read more about the prescription drug HYDROXYCHLOROQUINE - ORAL. Urine hydroxychloroquine levels were still detectable after 3 months with approximately 10% of the dose excreted was parent drug. Results following a single dose of a 200 mg tablet versus i.v. infusion 155 mg, demonstrated a half-life of about 40 days and a large volume of distribution.